With the arrival of spring, removing winter clothes and shoes into the closet, not all motorists are concerned about any serious preparation of the car for the upcoming hot season. The majority just changes winter tires for summer and stops using antifreeze. The most meticulous ones may wash and polish body, and even dry-clean the interior. Both procedures, by the way, will not be superfluous.
However the list of works, which are necessary to conduct in an off-season, is much wider, and the majority of them is within the power even to the beginning driver. He is quite able to cope with this task on his own without a visit to the car service and any big expenses. If the car is in dismal condition, however, it’s easier to recycle it and buy a new one: https://scrapcar.cash.
Change of tires
The average temperature outside will be positive, the snow has melted and there are no frosts at night. It is believed that the harder summer tires start to work effectively from +5 ° C and above. So, when the air in the mornings and evenings is not cooled to minus, and in the afternoon warms up to +10 ° C – you may safely go to the tire fitting shop. Usually it happens in the second half of April, but especially cautious drivers often postpone the procedure to the May holidays.
Pump up the wheels
Both too low and too high pressure in tires are bad for wheels and suspension of a car. Therefore experts recommend to measure the pressure every day before the trip. The same is demanded by the rules of the road. What should be the tire pressure of this or that size is specified in the instruction manual for the car, as well as on the stickers in the doorway and/or on the gas tank hatch. At seasonal tire changes, it is important to check it to detect and correct cuts or damage as well as defective nipples in good time.
Check Engine Oil
Even if the time of changing the engine oil in the car has not yet come, in the spring (and better monthly) you should check its level by the risks on the oil dipstick. If it is not enough – fill it up to the right level. You should also pay attention to color and transparency of grease. Normal oil color is brownish-yellow. If it is blackened and has a lot of dirt in it, you should think about an unscheduled change along with the oil filter.
The air filter is the engine’s lungs. Over the winter, salt particles, reagents from the road, and dirt can get on it. Changing this consumable will help the engine breathe easier and the car drive more briskly and even save fuel. The cabin filter is the guarantor of clean air inside the car and consequently the health of the driver and passengers. Being dirty, it lets in less fresh air, and may cause frequent window misting in wet weather. Its condition at least should be checked once in a while.
Check the pipes and belts
In order the engine is not left without cooling in hot summer, and the car does not boil in the middle of the road, it is necessary to check the condition of branch pipes, which take antifreeze to and from a radiator. They must be intact, airtight and tightly fixed at the ends with clamps. Without cracks, signs of wear and tear and destruction. Also to avoid failure of the fan and other engine attachments you need to check the condition of the drive belts. If they are cracked, loose or delaminated, you should contact the service to retighten or replace them.
Check the radiator
Equally important for the engine is the tightness of the cooling radiator. It can be cracked from damages during storming snow banks on the way out of the yard, from a stone, which has flown through the grill, or as a result of corrosion. It may be checked both visually under the hood and under the car, and by the coolant level in the expansion tank. If it drops, the antifreeze should be topped up to the maximum value.
Check the brakes
This is the main system of the car, which is responsible for the safety of the driver, his companions and other road users. It is worth to make sure that over the winter, the brake discs and pads have not reached the critical wear, at which they should be replaced, and the calipers do not become jammed. Pressing the pedal too lightly or too hard, warning lights on the dashboard or other sounds up to a metallic rattle when braking and slowing down the car may be the reason to visit the service.
Extreme cold as well as heat can shorten battery life. Experts recommend keeping your battery clean by disconnecting the leads and wiping the terminals. You may also want to check that it is securely installed and well secured. The average car battery lasts about five years, and signs of battery aging include long engine start times, damage, blown case, and a malfunction indicator light on the dashboard. And also severe heating, poor charging and malfunctions in the onboard electrics: dull headlights, slow windows, disabling the air conditioner and stereo. In this case, it is worth to show it to specialists and possibly replace it.